Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
ACT uses acceptance and mindfulness approaches for individuals to learn how to notice their thoughts, feelings, physiological sensations and memories that have been feared or avoided.
ACT uses three categories; Mindfulness – being in the present moment and diffusion techniques Acceptance - accepting the thoughts as a thought, an acknowledgement and willingness to allow experiences to be there.
Values – identifying the importance of what gives our life meaning and purpose.
The core conception of ACT is that psychological suffering is usually caused by experiential avoidance, cognitive entanglement, and resulting psychological rigidity that leads to a failure to take needed behavioral steps in accord with core values. As a simple way to summarise the model, ACT views the core of many problems to be due to the concepts represented in the acronym, FEAR:
And the healthy alternative is to ACT: